From 1938, until the destruction of the Nazi state, the
authorities (especially the Hitler Youth, the police and the
Gestapo) became increasingly concerned about the attitudes
and activities of ‘gangs’ of working class youths who were
collectively known as ‘Edelweiss Pirates’.
The activities of these groups encompassed a whole range of
resistance to the regime (absenteeism from work and school,
graffiti, illegal leaflets, arguing with authority figures,
industrial sabotage and physical violence).
One Edelweiss slogan was ‘Eternal war on the Hitler Youth’.
Attacking Hitler Youth hiking and camping groups in the
countryside end Hitler Youth patrols and Nazi dignitaries in
the towns and cities was a favored activity of Edelweiss Pirate
The activities of many young people were so problematic for”
the Nazis that the Reich youth leadership were driven to
declare ‘The formation of cliques, i.e. groupings of young
people outside the Hitler Youth, was on the increase a few
years before the war, and has particularly increased during the
war, to such a degree that a serious risk of the political, moral
and criminal breakdown of youth must be said to exist.’ (1942)
“Men celebrated our sexual liberation — our willingness to freely give and enjoy blow jobs and group sex, our willingness to experiment with anal penetration — but ultimately many males revolted when we stated that our bodies were territories that they could not occupy at will. Men who were ready for female sexual liberation if it meant free pussy, no strings attached, were rarely ready for feminist female sexual agency. This agency gave us the right to say yes to sex, but it also empowered us to say no.”